You must identify product status (e.g. is it good or bad).
Where traceability is required then serial numbers or batch numbers must be recorded.
This requirement is often the most misunderstood, notice that this clause starts with the words "where appropriate", it is up to the organisation to decide how far this needs to be taken, but you are generally required to:
Where appropriate, the identification system should allow for traceability from the finished product back to incoming material records and customer specifications.
Products must be suitably identified by a part number or job number corresponding to applicable drawings, specifications and other technical documents related to the product.
Some organisations do not need to undertake identification and traceability activities if they do not use store or control physical products; if this is the case, you are free to exclude this requirement from your quality management system - so long as the excluded requirement does not:
It is not a mandatory requirement to document your identification and traceability processes. However, you should always look to adequately define and control any operational processes that directly impact upon product quality. Therefore, the implementation of an identification and traceability procedure will be appropriate to most businesses where such activities are undertaken.
Develop and implement a procedure that defines:
We provide an Identification and Traceability Procedure template to help you manage this process in many of our ISO Templates.
The effectiveness of the identification and traceability process may be evaluated by reviewing all elements of process and by looking for evidence that all activities are planned and conducted under controlled conditions.